Boaty McBoatface is redefining how we understand the impact of climate change

Strong Antarctic winds are churning the depths of the Southern Ocean, contributing to warming water temperatures in a way that has not yet been incorporated into existing models used to monitor and calculate rising sea levels.

The impact of the winds on sea temperature was recently discovered during a submarine mission by Boaty McBoatface, an autonomous underwater vehicle operated by the British Antarctic Survey. By linking the winds to Antarctic sea temperatures, scientists hope to build more accurate predictions of how climate change affects the rate of rising sea levels.

As part of its mission, the autonomous submarine navigated for three days through 112 miles (180 kilometers) of underwater mountains and valleys, collecting data on water temperature, salinity, and deep-sea water turbulence.

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